Bootstrap

Required for: iOS Android
GET /wopibootstrapper

The Bootstrap operation is used to ‘convert’ an OAuth token into appropriate WOPI access tokens and provides access to WOPI operations for applications using OAuth tokens, like Office for iOS. For more information see native.

Important

Connections to the bootstrapper must be made using TLS.

Request Headers:
 
  • Authorization – A string in the format Bearer: <TOKEN> where <TOKEN> is a Base64-encoded OAuth 2.0 token. If this header is missing or blank, or if the token provided is invalid, the host must respond with a 401 Unauthorized response and include the WWW-Authenticate header as described below.
Response Headers:
 
Status Codes:

Response

The response to a Bootstrap operation differs based on whether it is authenticated or unauthenticated. When possible, the WOPI client will provide authentication state information, as defined by OAuth 2.0 protocol, in the HTTP header in every request to the 🔧 Bootstrapper endpoint. This authentication state will be sent in the form of the OAuth 2.0 Access token and will be contained in the Authorization header as described previously.

The host must verify that the provided token is valid. If it is not, the host must respond as described in the unauthenticated response section below. If the provided token is valid, then the host must respond as described in the authenticated response section below.

Authenticated response

When an authenticated request (i.e. a valid OAuth 2.0 access token is included in the Authorization HTTP header) is made to this endpoint, it returns a 200 OK response with a JSON (as specified in RFC 4627) response body. The response must include a single Bootstrap property, with the following properties nested within it as needed.

Required response properties

The following properties must be present in the Bootstrap property in all 200 OK Bootstrap responses:

EcosystemUrl
A string URI for the WOPI server’s 🔧 Ecosystem endpoint, with a WOPI access token appended. A GET request to this URL will invoke the CheckEcosystem operation.
UserId
A string value uniquely identifying the user making the request. This value should match the UserId value provided in CheckFileInfo. This ID is expected to be unique per user and consistent over time. See Requirements for user identity properties for more information.
SignInName
A string value identifying the user making the request. This value is used to distinguish a user’s account in the event a user has multiple accounts with a given host. This value is often an email address, though it is not required to be.

Optional response properties

UserFriendlyName
A string that is the name of the user. This value should match the UserFriendlyName value provided in CheckFileInfo.

Sample response

{
  "Bootstrap": {
    "EcosystemUrl": "http://.../wopi*/ecosystem?access_token=<ecosystem_token>",
    "UserId": "User ID",
    "SignInName": "user@contoso.com",
    "UserFriendlyName": "User Name"
  }
}

Unauthenticated response

When an unauthenticated request (i.e. no access token is attached in the Authorization HTTP header) is made to this endpoint, it returns a 401 Unauthorized response containing sufficient information to facilitate user authentication with the host.

WWW-Authenticate response header format

The response must contain sufficient information for a WOPI client to perform the necessary authentication/authorization/token issuance flows with the host’s identity provider, and result in an authenticated call to the same Bootstrapper endpoint.

The information for the successful authentication/authorization/token issuance flows must be returned in the WWW-Authenticate header of the 401 Unauthorized response with type “Bearer.” The information that must be returned in a 401 Unauthorized response to an unauthenticated request is as follows:

Parameter Value Required Example
Bearer n/a Yes Bearer
authorization_uri The URL of the OAuth2 Authorization Endpoint to begin authentication against as described at: RFC 6749#section-3.1 Yes https://contoso.com/api/oauth2/authorize
tokenIssuance_uri The URL of the OAuth2 Token Endpoint where authentication code can be redeemed for an access and (optional) refresh token. See Token Endpoint at: RFC 6749#section-3.2 Yes https://contoso.com/api/oauth2/token
providerId

A well-known string (as registered with Microsoft Office) that uniquely identifies the host.

Allowed characters: [a-z, A-Z, 0-9]

No tp_contoso
UrlSchemes URL scheme your app uses. This is an ordered list by platform. Omit any platforms you do not support. Office will attempt to invoke these URL schemes in order before falling back to the webview auth. No

{“iOS” : [“contoso”,”contoso-EMM”], “Android” : [“contoso”,”contoso-EMM”] “UWP”: [“contoso”,”contoso-EMM”]}

The value itself must be URL encoded

These parameters and their values must be formatted as follows:

  • Values are contained within double-quotes (").
  • Contiguous parameters are separated by commas with no comma after the trailing parameter/value pair.
  • If no value is known/required for an optional parameter, it may be omitted from the WWW-Authenticate header.
  • Multiple instances of WWW-Authenticate HTTP headers may exist in the response to an unauthenticated request to the Bootstrapper endpoint. However, there must be exactly one instance of the WWW-Authenticate header with the Bearer qualifier.

Sample unauthenticated response

HTTP/1.1 401 Unauthorized
<removed for brevity>
WWW-Authenticate: Bearer authorization_uri="https://contoso.com/api/oauth2/authorize",tokenIssuance_uri="https://contoso.com/api/oauth2/token",providerId="tp_contoso", UrlSchemes="%7B%22iOS%22%20%3A%20%5B%22contoso%22%2C%22contoso-EMM%22%5D%2C%20%22Android%22%20%3A%20%5B%22contoso%22%2C%22contoso-EMM%22%5D%2C%20%22UWP%22%3A%20%5B%22contoso%22%2C%22contoso-EMM%22%5D%7D"
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2015 21:52:44 GMT